Hazard Copy

Lesson Progress:

A hazard is a circumstance that increases the chance of a loss. Insurers identify three kinds of hazards:

  • Physical Hazard — An increased chance of loss due to external circumstances which are independent of human behavior (e.g.  weather; birth defects).
  • Morale Hazard — An increased chance of loss due to someone’s carelessness (e.g. the increased chance of an accident because of bad driving; unhealthy eating; making bad choices).
  • Moral Hazard — An increased chance of loss due to someone’s lack of character or trustworthiness (e.g. lying, cheating, stealing, arson, intentional wrong).

A way to remember the difference between morale and moral is by saying, “morale with an E is stupidity.”